Aristotle was a very famous philosopher and scientist that was born in 384 B.C. and died in 322 B.C.
Aristotle was a very smart Greek guy who learned a lot from another famous Greek guy named Plato.
He wrote books about things like science, poetry, and animals. He was also a teacher for a king named Alexander the Great.
Lots of people still think he’s important today!
He is a very special part of Ancient Greek history.
Aristotle Facts for Kids
- Aristotle was a famous Greek philosopher.
- He was a student of Plato.
- He taught Alexander the Great.
- Aristotle studied science, politics, and ethics.
- He believed in logic and reason.
- He wrote many books, like “The Nicomachean Ethics.”
- Aristotle’s ideas influenced Western philosophy.
In 384 B.C. when Aristotle was born, he was born in the city-state Stagira.
His father was very famous and was a popular aristocrat.
His dad’s name was Noccomachus and was the doctor to the king of Macedonia, King Amyntas.
Since Aristotle’s dad was a doctor, he became very interested in anatomy and he loved nature.
When he learned, he was probably taught by tutors and he took classes such as science, math, anatomy, and arts. He was very smart and learned to write and speak Greek.
When Aristotle turned 17, he was still very interested in anatomy and in the arts.
He believed that he was smart, and he knew that he wanted to learn more.
He decided at 17 years old that he would go and join Plato’s Academy which was in Athens.
While Aristotle was at Plato’s Academy, he studied hard and then later, became a teacher there.
He worked and studied at Plato’s Academy for a total of 20 years.
Plato’s Academy was a place to learn, but it was not like the colleges that people attend today.
The classes were not real classes at all, and no specific teacher would teach the students.
The way that this academy worked, the teachers and the students would sit together in groups they would ask questions and then they would debate the answers.
Sometimes, one person would ask a question and another person would try to answer the question and then it would be someone else’s turn.
The point of this kind of teaching was to allow students the ability to ask questions and know that there was more than one answer that was possible.
This taught people to be able to speak out loud what they were thinking instead of just writing it down or staying quiet.
Aristotle decided that he would leave Plato’s Academy in 347 B.C. and he decided to travel around the area.
He went to Turkey and all throughout Greece.
While Aristotle was traveling, he got married and wrote many different books and other works. Some of them included:
- “The Parts of Animals.”
- “The Natural History of Animals.”
- “The Reproduction of Animals.”
Observations of the World
While Aristotle went on his travels, he had different ideas on how the world should work.
He always was taking notes and wrote down things that he saw.
Not only did Aristotle believe in watching and learning, but he also would take things further and would dissect animals in order to see how their anatomy worked.
Other philosophers thought that this was crazy because they would only do bookwork and think about the world.
They did not believe that people should do hands-on work.
Biology and Science
Aristotle is given credit for doing this because he helped to bring science to life for people even today.
Aristotle also loved biology and he was one of the first people to try to classify animals into different groups.
Aristotle would draw animals and figure out what organs and traits made them function.
He made many discoveries in his time.
Alexander the Great
One interesting thing about Aristotle is that he became the tutor of Alexander the Great.
Since his dad knew the king, Philip II of Macedonia asked him if he could teach his son different subjects such as logic, philosophy, math, and more.
Alexander the Great became one of the most known people in Ancient Greek times and he was known as one of the biggest conquerors of the time.
Some people say that this was because of Aristotle’s great teachings.
School of Aristotle
After Aristotle tutored Alexander the Great, he decided that he would open his own school.
He called his school “Peripatetic School,” and it was built in Athens.
He taught different subjects such as politics, philosophy, physics, public speaking, logic, science, and more.
Aristotle has many teachings that we use today such as syllogism. Syllogism is a type of reasoning that people use today.
Another thing that Aristotle is credited for teaching us is about the five elements of the earth: air, water, fire, earth, and aether.
Aristotle also taught about four causes, astronomy and “mean,” which is doing things in moderation and not being extreme.
More Facts About Aristotle
- King Philip II rebuilt the area that Aristotle grew up in called Stagira and freed slaves as a thank-you for his tutoring of Alexander the Great.
- Aristotle left Plato’s Academy after Plato died.
- Plato called Aristotle “The Mind,” because he was so intelligent.
- Alexander the Great sent Aristotle plants and animals from his empire when he became an adult.
- Aristotle researched botany and zoology during his travels.
- Aristotle was once the head of the royal academy of Macedon.
- Aristotle taught Ptolemy and Cassander when they were students, these two would later become king.
- When Alexander the Great came close to the end of his life, he begins to think Aristotle was against him and he even killed his grandnephew, Callisthenes because he thought he was a traitor.
- Aristotle created Sentential Logic which was a form of logic that used sentences for syllogism.
What Did You Learn?
Who is Aristotle?
Aristotle is a very important person from Ancient Greek times.
What did Aristotle do?
Aristotle helped to teach people about science, math, philosophy, and more.
What did Aristotle believe about animals and science?
Aristotle believed that people needed to know more things about animals and science, and he would use hands-on learning to know more about them.
Who did Aristotle tutor?
Aristotle tutored Alexander the Great.
Who else did Aristotle teach?
Aristotle also taught Ptolemy and Cassander.
What school did Aristotle attend and teach at?
Aristotle went to Plato’s Academy until Plato died.
Why is Aristotle important today?
Aristotle is important today because we use many of his teachings in our lives today.