Ancient Greek Culture

Different cities in Ancient Greece had different cultures and traditions.

Some of the cities had their own personal cultures and many of the cultures were based around philosophy, drama, architecture, science, theater and more.

Paleolithic Era

During the Paleolithic era was the Golden Age and this was a time when Ancient Greeks worked to increase their culture.

Architecture was important and Greeks realized the importance of building things such as theaters,temples and stadiums.

Greek Temple

 

Politics

Politics was a big part of Ancient Greek culture and during the 19th century, the Greeks saw different monarchies and royal people that were becoming popular.

Politics came and there were many fights that happened.

Military also became powerful and the Greeks were always ready to fight and defend their territory.

Music

The Greeks loved music and they would play music in the festivals and they would use music to tell stories and to tell about the life of others.

Children as young as six years old would learn to start playing music on different instruments.

The instruments would be played as entertainment, for celebrations and festivals and for the gods.

Greek Music

Food

Food was important and people, especially the wealthy, would have large feasts and would take pride in the food and drinks that they served.

Many of the feasts would include wine that was grown right in the persons yard or farm.

Spices were used in Greece such as onions, fennel, garlic, and other special spices.

Some of the most popular foods include chicken, pork, fish, yogurt, olive oil, octopus, zucchini, grapes, apples, figs, dates and other fresh ingredients.  Other foods that were important to the culture were salads that were made out of cucumbers, onions, olives, green pepper, cheese and olive oil.

Games

Ancient Greeks loved to watch and play games and games were a huge part of Ancient Greek culture.

Some of the Olympic games were even held in towns such as Athens and Sparta.

Greek-Olympics

Holidays

Some of the most important holidays were Easter, Engagement, Name Day Celebration, Baptisms, Weddings, Carnivals and Festivals.

Easter is considered one of the most important holidays because it is celebrated, and the people of Ancient Greece would use Easter as a time to eat and be with their family.

Name Day

Name Day celebration is a religious celebration that is considered more important than a person’s birthday.

Most people were named after a saint and so when it was Name Day celebration, the families get together and they honor the person that was born by having good food and drinks.

Engagement

When a man and a woman become engaged, Engagement is a celebration.

It is Greek tradition that women would go into a big city and men would ask the woman’s father if he could marry her.

Marriage

Marriage is one of the most important celebrations in Ancient Greece.  The celebrations are rituals and they take place in the place where the bride’s father will pick the bride and then she will move from his house to her husband’s house where she will become the daughter of his mom and dad.

There are many marriage celebrations and rituals that take place during the wedding where there are banquets, songs, music, dancing and more.

Wedding preparation

Baptism

People of Ancient Greece believed in getting baptized and some of them would take place a year after a baby was born.  The baby would be blessed by a priest and would be put into a towel and celebrated.

Festivals and Carnivals

Cities of Ancient Greece would have their own celebrations, carnivals and festivals.  Some of the festivals would be to worship the gods.

One of the most important festivals of Ancient Greece was the wine festival which is to celebrate Dionysus who is the god of wine.

In the festivals, people would wear costumes and there would be music, dancing and fun.

Superstitions

The Ancient Greeks have many superstitions.  Many of them believe that the gods would curse them or be angry if they did not worship them or pray to them in the temple.

The Greeks believed that there were ghosts and spirits and they would come out and haunt the people if the gods were mad.

Facts About Ancient Greek Culture:

  • Many Ancient Greeks believed that eating beans was wrong because they had the souls of dead people in them.
  • Gods were part of the stories that the Ancient Greeks told.
  • Mythological creatures such as Medusa and Cerberus were part of the tales that the Ancient Greeks told.
  • Some of the Olympic games included boxing, javelin, chariot racing and wrestling.
  • Wrestlers had to be the strongest people in the city and had to wrestle with no clothes on.
  • Most slaves only wore loincloths which was a small strip of fabric that was wrapped around their waist.
  • There were many statues of the gods and goddesses placed all around the city. Many statues were inside of the temple.
  • There is an Ancient Greek legend where the Greeks hid inside of a wooden horse and beat the city of Troy.
  • Some of the theaters that were built were made to hold more than 15,000 people.
  • Ancient Greeks had festivals that would honor and celebrate the gods such as Zeus.

What Did You Learn?

  1. What were some interesting things that the Greeks believed in?  The Greeks believed in different superstitions and they believed that the gods took care of them.
  2. What were some of the festivals and carnivals for? The festivals and carnivals were for different celebrations and some of them were to celebrate the gods.
  3. Was food an important part of Ancient Greek culture? Yes!  Food was a very important part of Ancient Greek culture and it was used for celebrations, feasts and more.  There were many different spices and foods that were cooked during Ancient Greek times.
  4. What kind of fun did the Ancient Greeks have? The Ancient Greeks loved to listen to music and go to the theater.  They also loved to watch sports at the stadium.
  5. Were sports a big part of Ancient Greek culture? Yes!  Sports were a big part of Ancient Greek culture and the stadiums would be the home for games and even the Olympics.