World War Two

World War 2 started in September 1939 when Germany attacked Poland. The Axis powers were those countries that joined to attack Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean and the Pacific. The Allied Powers generally consisted of Great Britain, The Soviet Union, China and the United States. In this section you can read all about the different Battles also read out about the different leaders during this time. Many of the events are also covered and we have a section on the different type of weapons. This is a part of history that we should never forget and hopefully you’ll learn something in this section.
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Overview

    • World War Two Timeline

      World war 2 started in September 1939 when Germany attacked Poland. But, the United States did not enter the war until after the Japanese bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor
    • Allied Powers and Leaders

      The Allies during World War II were those leaders who stood against Germany and its allies during the Second World War
    • Axis Powers and Leaders

      The Axis powers were those countries that joined to attack Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean and the Pacific. When Germany, Italy and Japan became allies
    • Causes of World War 2

      The roots of World War II sprouted in the treaty that ended World War I. The Treaty of Versailles put a heavy load on the people of Germany
    • War in Europe

      While there were many things that led up to World War II, it officially began in Europe on September 3, 1939
    • War in the Pacific

      As war raged in Europe, President Roosevelt continued to stick to his promise to keep the United States neutral.
    • After the War

      The world was a very different place after World War II. Millions of people were dead. Much of Europe and the Pacific lay in ruins
    • Battles and Events

      • Battle of Berlin

        The Battle for Berlin was all about securing victory, one that had already been hard fought
      • Battle of Britain

        The Royal Air Force was formed on April 1st 1918 near the end of World War I, and even to this day it is one of the top independent air forces in the world
      • Battle of Guadalcanal

        With the Battle of Midway in the history books, the United States turned their eyes towards an offensive strike
      • Battle of Iwo Jima

        With the country already reeling from the two previous U.S. campaigns, Japan put together its best offensive output since Pearl Harbor
      • Battle of Midway

        With America still reeling from the attack on Pearl Harbor, it was time for a counterattack. Both sides had already vocally declared war on one another, and now the next phase was in motion
      • Battle of Stalingrad

        The Battle of Stalingrad took place from July 17th 1942 to February 2nd 1943. The Eastern front battle is considered by many to be the greatest defense by the Russians
      • Battle of the Atlantic

        Germany’s counter blockade against Britain included the full force of the Kriegsmarine, also known as the German Navy.
      • Battle of the Bulge

        Adolph Hitler was determined to force his way through the Allied troops, and decided to split them up by using a surprise blitzkrieg
      • D-Day

        The Invasion of Normandy began on June 6th 1944 and ended on August 1944, and was a joint effort by all of the Allied Forces
      • Pearl Harbor

        With tensions still ongoing with World War II, the U.S. still considered itself a neutral ally, yet played a big role in the Allied Force

      Other Events

      • Bataan Death March

        In December 1941, Japan invaded the Philippines, an island in South-East Asia, defeating Filipino and American soldiers
      • Hiroshima and Nagasaki

        Before the war, many scientists had been investigating the possibility of generating energy and even weapons from the atom
      • Japanese Internment Camps

        After Japan had bombed Pearl Harbour in December 1941, America declared war on Japan. President Roosevelt then decided to sign an order to force Japanese-Americans to leave their homes
      • The Marshall Plan

        The Marshall Plan was named after George C. Marshall who had become Secretary of State in February 1947.
      • The Holocaust

        The Holocaust was a terrible part of World War II that involved the mass murder of nearly 6 million Jews, as well as others
      • VE and VJ Days

        Germany had been defeated by the Allied forces, but the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was no longer alive.
      • War Crimes Trials

        After World War II came to an end, the Allies, including America, the Soviet Union and Great Britain wanted to punish those who started and planned the war.

      Leaders

      • Adolf Hitler

        Hitler was on the edge of victory before he made a number of costly mistakes. His ideas and policies regarding the Jews and other races resulted in the loss of millions of lives.
      • Anne Frank

        Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. Her father was a German officer during World War I.
      • Benito Mussolini

        Mussolini started out as a socialist but his outlook changed and he became a fascist. He rose to power in Italy and, believing that the Germans would win the war
      • Charles de Gaulle

        Charles de Gaulle was a French hero who refused to accept France’s surrender to Germany’s forces.
      • Douglas MacArthur

        Douglas MacArthur spent his life in the army. He was born on a military base and he died in a military hospital.
      • Dwight D. Eisenhower

        Dwight D. Eisenhower was one of the military commanders in charge of the American forces during World War II.
      • Eleanor Roosevelt

        Eleanor Roosevelt refused to be constrained by the traditional view of a woman’s role. She fought for the rights of women and the disadvantaged
      • Franklin D. Roosevelt

        Franklin D. Roosevelt was a popular president who throughout his political career focused on reforming and developing social programs to help people
      • George Patton

        George S. Patton was a famous soldier who excelled at military matters. He had a forceful personality and was a strong promoter of using the tank in war.
      • Harry S. Truman

        Harry S. Truman was thrust into the presidency just a few short weeks after becoming the vice-president. When Franklin. D. Roosevelt died shortly after winning the election, Truman became the new president
      • Hirohito

        Hirohito was the emperor of Japan during World War II. There is a lot of debate regarding how much responsibility Hirohito has for the actions of Japan during the war
      • Joseph Stalin

        Stalin was a brutal dictator who was responsible for the death of millions. He held power in an iron fist until his death in 1953
      • Winston Churchill

        Winston Churchill was chosen as one of the most influential leaders of all time. He was the prime minister of Britain during World War II and was also involved in the government during World War I

      Weapons

      • Aircraft in World War Two

        In World War I, aircraft were dangerous flying tin cans. At the beginning of World War II, the situation was the same, but then with advanced technology
      • World War II Tanks

        The very first tank was invented in 1915 and began to be used in World War I. It was named Little Willie. Little Willie was made in England
      • World War II Ships

        During World War II many changes were made to military ships. The ships began to use diesel engines, submarines were added to both Axis and Allies
      • World War II Aircraft Carriers

        An aircraft carrier serves many functions during war. Think of it as a floating city where planes can depart from, supplies can be moved
      • Submarines of World War Two

        Submarines have a long history. In 1580, a British innkeeper, William Bourne, actually drew a diagram of a submarine.
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