World War One

World War 1 (also called The Great War) started on July 28th 1914, you can read the article on the Causes of the War below which will give you a better understanding. War is never nice and a lot of people lost their lives in the battels and also in the towns and cities affected. A number of things also changed in how battles were fought, aircraft and tanks started to be introduced and you can also read about this in the articles below. In some of the articles you’ll also find a quiz section which you can try to help you understand this topic a little bit more. Hope you enjoy learning about this subject.
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Overview

    • World War One Timeline

      World War One was a war involving many countries around the world. This was unusual, as was the length of this war, and the number of deaths and amount of damage caused. It was also called the Great War
    • Causes of World War I

      The relationship had been tense between many European countries in the years before. Most had not forgiven each other for past rivalries
    • Allied Powers

      The war was fought between two main groups of countries: the Allied Powers against the Central Powers
    • Central Powers

      The war was fought between two main groups of countries: the Allied Powers against the Central Powers
    • America in World War I

      At the outbreak of war, the United States of America (“America”) stated that it would remain neutral. This was despite a strong relationship with many Allied Powers
    • Trench Warfare

      Trench warfare describes fighting that occurs in deep trenches. These are dug into land both to protect the soldiers and also making it difficult for the opposing army to attack
    • Battles and Events

      • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

        Born in 1863, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. He was the oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
      • Austria Declares War

        A union between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary, they were considered a powerful union in their prime
      • Battle of Jutland

        Commander of the German High Seas Fleet Reinhard Scheer returned to an old policy of attacking ships along the British cost while he was in a defensive position
      • Battle of Tannenberg

        Russia suffered a major loss in the Battle of Tannenberg, losing control of its Second Army on August 1914 due to clever planning by German soldiers
      • Battle of the Somme

        The Battle of the Somme resulted in the loss of over 500,000 German lives, even with their entrenched position. Somme was a lot like Verdun
      • Battle of Verdun

        The German siege of Verdun was considered the longest battle of World War I, and was important to all sides
      • First Battle of the Marne

        German troops were at odds with what to do during the First Battle of Morne. With their advance halted, the only thing to do was to entrench their position
      • Germany Invades Belgium

        Germany was originally part of the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, and was known back then as The Kingdom of Germany
      • Second Battle of the Marne

        The Second Battle of the Marne was considered the last major offensive on the part of the Germans in World War 1. The choice to attempt to retake Marne a second time
      • Sinking of the Lusitania

        The Lusitania started out in New York being filled with the usual assortment of supplies that an ocean liner was known for. This included medical supplies, cheese, copper, machinery, meat
      • US Declares War

        President Woodrow Wilson held a speech on April 2nd 1917, explaining why America was entering the war against Germany
      • USSR withdraws from the War

        The U.S.S.R was one of the first countries to pull out of the Allied forces, and it wasn’t that far apart from when the U.S. joined the war
      • World War 1 Ends

        The end of World War I (4 years from July 28th 1914-November 11th 1918) was not without its casualties, and in the end the 4 year war

      Other Events

      • World War One Aircraft

        World War I saw the rise of airplanes as weapons of war. What was funny was that generals on both sides thought that airplanes would do nothing to change warfare at all.
      • Christmas Truce

        In the early year of World War I, the armies were still trying to work out how to fight this new type of war. The last few months of 1914 found armies deeply entrenched in battlefields across Europe
      • World War I Glossary

        Archduke Ferdinand The crown prince of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He and his wife were killed by a Serbian in 1914. This act set the stage for World War I
      • Post World War 1 and Treaties

        World War I ended on June 28, 1919 with the Treaty of Versailles. A treaty is an agreement between two countries. France played a large role in setting the terms of the treaty
      • Tanks of World War One

        During the First World War, armies on both sides used tanks to change how soldiers went to war. Tanks were not a new idea. In ancient Rome, armies used heavy wagons and siege engines
      • Wilson’s Fourteen Points

        World War I, was also called “The Great War.” It began in 1914. The three biggest countries involved were Germany, France and England in the beginning.
      • Changes in Warfare

        World War I made many changes to modern warfare that are still in use today. Before “The Great War,” individual countries fought each other for territory or resources.

      World War I Leaders

      • David Lloyd George

        David Lloyd George was born on January 17, 1863 in Manchester England. His father was a local headmaster of a school and passed away early in young David’s life.
      • Ferdinand Foch

        Born in the city of Tarbes, France on October 2, 1851; Ferdinand Foch was the son of a barrister. The religious faith of young Ferdinand was Roman Catholic Growing up
      • Generals of First World War

        One of the most known generals of WWI was Zivojin Misic of Serbia. He was born on January 19, 1855. He would serve in the military from 1877-1918
      • Georges Clemenceau

        Georges Clemenceau was born on September 28, 1841 in Mouilleron-en-Pareds Vendee, France. His father was Benjamin Clemenceau, a physician by name
      • Kaiser Wilhelm II

        Kaiser Wilhelm II was born in January, 1859 in Potsdam Germany. His given name was Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert
      • Lord Kitchener

        Horatio Herbert Kitchener was born on June 24, 1850 in Ballylongford, Ireland. He was the son of Lt. Colonel Henry Kitchener
      • Paul von Hindenburg

        Paul von Hindenburg was born on October 2, 1847 in Prussia. His given name was Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg
      • Red Baron

        The man known as the Red Baron of WWI was born Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen in Breslau, Lower Silesia
      • Tsar Nicholas II

        Tsar Nicholas II was born May 18, 1868 near the city of St. Petersburg, Russia. His given name at birth was Nickolai Aleksandrovich Romanov
      • Vladimir Lenin

        Vladimir Lenin was born in what was then known then as Simbirsk, Russia on April 10, 1870. His given name was Ulianov and was the son of Ilia Nikolaevich Ulianov
      • Winston Churchill

        Winston Churchill was chosen as one of the most influential leaders of all time. He was the prime minister of Britain during World War II and was also involved in the government during World War I
      • Woodrow Wilson

        Woodrow Wilson was born December 28, 1856 in Staunton, Virginia. Woodrow was a middle name as his first name was Thomas
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