Civil Rights Movements

The main aim of the civil rights movement was to give everybody equal rights regardless of color skin color, gender, nationality, religion, disability or age. The aim of the movement which peaked in the 1960's was to ensure that the rights of all people are equally and are protected by the law. Civil rights include a number of things for example the right to free speech, assembly, a fair trial. You can read more about this and the amazing people that helped to make these changes below. As always have fun learning and enjoy.
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Civil Rights Leaders

  • Susan B. Anthony

    The architecture of the ancient Indus Valley civilization was very advanced. There were two main cities, named Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These cities existed from about 3000 B.C. to about 1600 B.C. Both were planned out with exactness.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez made a major contribution to the way in which farm labor and migrant workers were treated in the United States. His nonviolent methods of protest became a banner
  • Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass was a former slave and the son of a white father whom he never knew and an African-American mother that died when he was ten years old.
  • Mohandas Gandhi

    Mohandas Gandhi is known around the world for his philosophy of passive nonresistance and helping to lead the people of India out of the bonds of being ruled by the British.
  • Helen Keller

    Helen Keller was blind, deaf and mute due to an early childhood illness and overcame these disabilities to become a major individual responsible for influencing how people viewed and treated those with disabilities.
  • Martin Luther King

    Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the leading men involved in the civil rights movement. He was a Baptist Minister and most well-known for following Mahatma Gandhi’s belief of non-violent protest.
  • Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Mandela was the leader of the South African movement to freedom and his participation in the various protests and his requirement to see equality in his country led him to fight in a nonviolent way.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Marshall played a major role in the civil rights movement and as an attorney helped to establish major changes in discriminatory law in the United States.
  • Rosa Parks

    The civil rights movement in the United States was at the edge of happening in 1955. During that time, Black Americans had specific seating positions in the back of all busses and public transportation and were required to give up their
  • Jackie Robinson

    Jackie Robinson was the first Black American to join baseball’s major league in 1947 as a prominent member of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton, born in 1815, was a granddaughter of a Revolutionary hero and had a passion for women’s suffrage.
  • Mother Teresa

    The woman known as Mother Teresa was born in 1910 in what is now known as the Republic of Macedonia. She came from a comfortable family that were deeply religious and devoted to the Roman Catholic Church, and very committed to helping those less fortunate.
  • Sojourner Truth

    Truth was born Isabella Baumfree in 17971 and born into a slave family in New York. She was sold at 11 years old along with a herd of sheep for $100.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman was born into northern slavery in Maryland in 1820 and her sense of independence led her to escape in 1849. She devoted her life to helping to rescue other slaves, including her own family and non-family members.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Born a slave on a plantation in 1856, Booker T. Washington had little in the way of hope to be more. But Washington was determined, and, after his mother moved to Maryland and married a freed man, she began trying to help him to read.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells was the daughter of American slaves and was born in Mississippi in 1862 in the middle of the Civil War. Her desire for education and equality led her to be known as a famous journalist

Civil Rights Movements

  • African American Civil Rights

    The Civil Rights Movement was one of the most important changes in America. Even though the Emancipation Proclamation had been in place for over 100 years, there was horrible discrimination still being practiced against African-Americans.
  • Apartheid

    Apartheid means ‘apart-hood’ or ‘the state of being apart’ and was the system of racial inequality, segregation and discrimination in South Africa that was started after World War II.
  • Disability Rights

    The fight for the rights for people that experienced disabilities began around 1962. This movement was a protest to make sure that people with disabilities had the same equal opportunities, safety and physical access to architecture
  • Native American Rights

    The story of the Native Americans in the United States is one of the most shameless in its history. From the moment the settlers set foot on the soil of the ‘new world’, Native Americans were treated as lesser humans and with disrespect.
  • Slavery and Abolitionism

    During the original settlements in the ‘new world’, slavery of black people was common in a variety of countries including the African nations. Slaves were bought and sold as objects and slave owners in the growing new nation were both horrible
  • Women’s Suffrage

    By the 1820’s and 30’s, most men in the United States had been given life freedoms, including property ownership and the right to vote, no matter what their personal or financial situation.

Events and Other Information

  • Jim Crow Laws

    “Jump Jim Crow” was the name of a 19th century song that created a stereotype about African Americans. It became the term that was used for the type of laws that allowed oppression
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Part of life in the southern states in the 1950’s included specific local and state laws that required that Black Americans sit in the back of the bus as well as a requirement
  • Little Rock Nine

    Racial discrimination and oppression has been a shameful part of the American history. Life in the 1950’s in many of the states still contain segregation policies and outright discrimination against Black Americans.
  • Birmingham Campaign

    Alabama is one of the southern states in the United States and, as many in the south, maintained policies of prejudice and discrimination against Black Americans after the Civil War.
  • March On Washington

    By the 1960’s, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States had reached a peak. The movement was to try to make changes in jobs and freedom for Black Americans.
  • Women’s Suffrage

    By the 1820’s and 30’s, most men in the United States had been given life freedoms, including property ownership and the right to vote, no matter what their personal or financial situation.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    The years leading up to the 1960’s were filled with unrest, violence and unhappiness as the Black Americans faces continual discrimination in almost all aspects of their lives.
  • Magna Carta

    In 1215, King John of England was facing a potential rebellion by many of the baron’s that held power. His rule allowed heavy taxation and poorly planned and unsuccessful foreign policies to begin to bring the country down.
  • Bill of Rights

    On March 4, 1789, America officially adopted the United States Constitution, which established the U.S. as a free nation governed by the people.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    When the Civil War in America broke out President Lincoln focused on support of the war based on the fact of preserving the Union instead of getting rid of slavery.
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